is of the view that Nairs were a transitioned group of people
from among the Keralites itself. According to him no historical
evidences are seen about the existence of Nairs before 8th
century AD. Evidence of their migration to Kerala during or
around 8th century AD were also not available.
“Ayar” who resided in Lothal area (Gujrat, South
Rajasthan) were a strong group of people under the leadership
of Lord Krishna as mentioned in Rigveda. Kesari Balakrishna
Pillai quoting Max Muller says that Nagas inhabited in between
Lothal and Sind where the river sind joins the sea. The union
between the Nagas who excelled in agriculture and sailing
and Ayars, the experts in cattle farming and warfare resulted
in the formation of Nair, a group of Kerala people. (Nagar
+ Ayar = Nayar)
Dr.P.K.Gopalakrishnan express the view that the people of
Kerala belonging to different groups, in due course of time
might have turned as Nairs. The origin of Nair may be from
Ayar, Idayar, Velalar or Maravar. Though Nairs were spread
throughout Kerala, they are concentrated mainly in midlands.
This is one of the reasons to believe that groups like Ayar
and Idayar as a whole were turned as Nairs.
In the book entitled ‘Aryan settlement in India’
it is stated that Aryans migrated to the interior of South
India and their generation came to be known as Nairs.
Some argue that during the period of Brahmin supremacy they
selected groups of people from various communities and thus
formed the nair community. The rulers gave the title “Nair”
to their favorites.
Sri.Ilankulam Kunjan Pillai claims that Nairs were the descendents
of the suicide squad. Their origin was in the 11th century
Sri.K.P.Padmanabha Menon, renowned historian is of opinion
that Nairs who were the rulers of Kerala in olden times were
called as “Nayaka” (one who leads) and this “Nayakar”
later became Nair.
Sri.Pattom G.Ramachandran Nair is of the opinion that Nair
may be a term cut short from ‘Nayanar’. In South
India Buddhists and Jainists were commonly known as ‘Nayanars”.
Nayanar is the family title of some of the families in North
Malabar and Tamil Nadu. The famous Kallyasseri family of North
Malabar (family of former Chief Minister Sri.E.K.Nayanar)
got this imprint from Kolathiri Rajah. The famous shivates
of Dravidian country were later known as Nayanars. The word
Nayanar means Nayakan (one who leads).
Kosambi opined that the Nair community originated from the
tribal women of Kerala in the union with Brahmins.
The Encyclopedia published by the State Encyclopedic Department
says that there are evidences to prove that Nairs were the
protectors of Hinduism during the period of Shiva Bhakthi
movement in Kerala.
the time the Brahmins arrived in Kerala, about the first millennium,
the first known rules of Kerala, the Cheran, who were Nairs,
already had an established kingdom there. Logan in his ‘Malabar
Manual’ says that the Namboodiris respected Nairs as
kings. Fahien, the chineese traveller, who visited India in
AD 1409 noted that “Nairs rank with kings”. They
were owners and controllers of temples and enjoyed all the
privileges of high - caste Hindus.” (Religions and Communities
Kanippayoor Sankaran Namboodiirippad says that Nairs were
the bodyguards of North India Brahmins who came to Kerala
by sea from Sindh. (Nayanmarude Poorvaocharithram).
recent theory proposed by Dr. Thundy is that Nairs are the
descendants of the Newars of Nepal, who migrated to Kerala.
There are two major facts to support this view. The first
is the lighter complexion, and sharper features of Nairs.
The second is the distinct pagoda-like architectural style
of Nair Tharavaadus and Temples. Finally, there is the Marumakkathaayam
system of inheritance. This system is a matrilineal system,
which is also practiced by the Newars of Nepal. Southern Indian
warrior class names like Naik, Naidu etc are closely connected
to Kerala Nairs, even though the anthropological links are
not yet established. (Wickiepedia)
anthropologists are of the view that the Nair caste is an
amalgamation of various warrior classes during the post-Sangam
era, which is considered as the most politically unstable
period in Kerala history. All the Cheras were Nairs and Kerala
history is more or less connected to Nair caste. (Wickiepedia)