Father : Padmanabha Pillai Mother : Bhagavathy
Sri.Thanu Pillai was a combination of noble qualities
like honesty, ability and efficiency. He served the
country as Tahsildar, I Class Magistrate and Diwan Peshakar.
In the year 1892 he was appointed as Chief Secretary.
He was one among the leaders of Malayali Sabha.
Died in 1902.
on July 15 1885.
Father: Varada Iyar. Mother: Eswari Amma.
Pattom A.Thanu Pillai was a national leader who came
though the national renaissance movement. He was in
the forefront of the struggle for the establishment
of a responsible government in Kerala. He was
bold and lone adventurist. He was the light of
freedom in the horizon, forgot everything and fought
for the independence of the country. He was a patriot
by every inch. He was a great man, having a glowing
and time tested personality. In him we witnessed
the noble qualities in Swadeshabhimani Ramakrishna Pillai,
Veluthanpi Dalava and Raja Kesavadas. He stood
for freedom, for struggle and for diplomacy. Pattom
was the State President of the Congress Party for 14
years.Later he joined Praja Socialist Party and became
its Chairman for 12 years. He was the first Prime Minister
of independent Travancore State. He became Chief Minister
of Kerala for two terms.
was appointed as the Governor of Punjab and Andhra
Pradesh. He died on July 26, 1970.
on 9 Tulam 1092 (ME).
Father: C.Govinda Pillai. Mother: Lekshmy Amma.
was a celebrated cine artist, devoted dramatist, skilled
scriptwriter and lyrist. He acted in more than 450
films of south Indian languages. He was an embodiment
of all noble inborn abilities. He won the Best
Actor Award in 1973. He directed 15 films. He
wrote lyrics and script/dialogue for more than 25
films. The Government of India awarded him Padmasree.
He died in 1990.
Thikkodiyan is a poet, playwright, novelist and satirist.
He is a genius who made substantial contribution to
the theatre. He always worked in the “green room” and
seldom appeared in the stage. He also wrote poetry in
the pen name Anand. Many satirical write-ups have been
written along with Sanjayan. He worked as a producer
in the All India Radio. His important works are Kanyadanam,
Pushpavrishti, Puthiya thettu, Alkkarady, Prethalokam,
Ore kudumbam, Kannaadi,Ekankangal and Nirahara samaram.
THUNCHATHU RAMAJUNAN EZHUTHACHAN
is believed that Ezhuthachan was born at Thunchan Veetil
near Trikaniyur temple of Vettathunad in the year 670
(ME) (AD 1495). Kerala Sahithya Charithram firmly
ascertain that the life period of Ezhuthachan was between
670 and 750 (ME).The males o the Thunchan family taught
reading and writing to the children and thus they got
the name Ezhuthachan. After preliminary education
in Sanskrit and Malayalam, Ezhuthachan went to Tamil
Nadu for higher studies. On return he chose the
job of educating children. In his leisurely times he
wrote Adhyatma Ramayanam in Malayalam. It was
composed in the style of cuckoo song (Kilippattu).
When Zamorin attacked Vettathunad, Ezhuthachan started
his pilgrimage with the completed copy of Adhyatma Ramayana.
The Chambath Mannadiyar of Chitoor persuaded him to
stay there and Ezhuthachan lived there by establishing
an Ashrama. Ezhuthachan wrote Uttararamacharitham,
Mahabharatham, Mahabhagavatham, Devi Mahathmyam, Brahmandapuranam
etc. He made a revolution through his Kilippattu.
It was he who gave an attractive form and shape to Malayalam
language and made it suitable to handle any subject.
He reformed the vocabulary and shaped separate Malayalam
letters. He contributed the Manipravalam style to Malayalam
language by bringing together Malayalam and Sanskrit
in a unique form. He placed the whole society
in the path of spiritual progress. Along with the emergence
of Bhakthi cult in India, it blossomed in Kerala also.
The Bhakthi cult of Ezhuthachan exercised a deep influence
in leading the nair families, which was suppressed under
the Brahmin supremacy during 5th to 17th centuries,
to the path of progress. The Brahmin rule that restricted
Sudras from learning letters and education was questioned
during this period. The Nair community, which
was longing for progress for a very long period under
the Brahmin supremacy, emerged strongly during the period.
The Malayalam literature also had full-fledged growth
during that period. Ezhuthachan gave the leadership
for unification and renewal of two branches of literature,
which was moving in diverse directions up to the 15th
century. The lyrics he composed in kilippattu
(cuckko song) brought Malayalam literature to modern
path. It was the Nairs who came forward for education
in ‘Gurumutts’ (schools) established by Ezhuthachan
and his followers. Only the Nair community had
the maturity and sense to understand the views of Ezhuthachan.
As a result, Nair community had a leap to the higher
fields of Kerala life. It was Ezhuthachan who protected
the people, especially the Nairs, from the verge of
cultural degeneration. Nairs were indeed fortunate
enough to get the leadership of Ezhuthachan to rose
to the heights and glory.
Koodal (Irinjakakuda) Manikya Temple is one of the temples
established by Kulasekhara Perumal of the Second Chera
dynasty. According to the stone writings avilable here
Kulasekhara Perumal himself was the temple Koimayal
(Koimayal later came to be known as Kaimal). This title
is also given to the representative of the Rajah.It
was also stated that Koimayal was also appointed as
‘Rakshaudayon’ (protector).Rakshaudayon later came to
be known as Thachudayon. Rakshaudyon and Koimayal together
came to be known as Thachudaya Kaimal. The selection
of Thachudaya Kaimal was made from the ancient nair
family at Panayara near Attingal in Thiruvananthapuram